Breastfeeding Mechanism in Lactating Mothers - Chikidee Baby Store India

Breastfeeding Mechanism in Lactating Mothers

February 21, 2018

Breastfeeding Mechanism in Lactating Mothers

A mother's breasts start preparing for breastmilk while she is pregnant. Breastmilk develops after a baby's birth but the supply is replenished and increased only by the vigorous suckling of a newborn that empties the breast.It is simple. A mother's body tries to meet the baby's demand of milk. The more a baby suckles, more breastmilk is made. If the baby cannot suck correctly (or because of incorrect latch), the milk supply is not renewed and it is very likely that it will eventually fail. in such cases, it is important to maintain the demand through artificial means like breast pump. 

For correct latch, the infant needs to open the mouth widely enough (gaping) to allow the tongue to protrude forward, past the gum ridge, and then it must take a big mouthful of the breast.

1. Suckling Massage-A baby's suckling massages mother's nipple stimulating sensory nerve endings in mothers breast.

2.The pituitary gland receives this stimulus and releases prolactin, a hormone responsible for milk let down from alveoli. Frequent breastfeeding result in higher prolactin level and as a result milk production is higher.

3. Mother and baby interaction releases oxytocin - another hormone responsible for lactation. It stimulates contraction of the cells surrounding alveoli and ejection of breastmilk. 

4. Successful, long term breastfeeding depends not only on sufficient breastmilk production, but also on a properly developed suckling reflex and correct latching.

5. A mother's nipple length varies during the suckling process. It is doubled during suction and then contracting in the second phase to allow baby to swallow. This contraction and retraction releases milk in a baby's mouth. The baby’s tongue presses, the hard palate, and lips all work in sync to cause milk let down. The coordination of soft palate and epiglottis is essential for baby to breathe and swallow simultaneously. 

6. Peristaltic movement of a baby's tongue ( synchronized movement like a wave from front to back) maintains breastmilk flow. 

7. Most important thing to remember while breastfeeding is to make sure your baby is breathing freely through the nose. When he has a runny nose, suck the secretion before feeding.





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